Emotions

Are You “Too Sensitive?”

109789An_Angel_s_TearsAs human beings, we are susceptible to a wide array of energies at any given moment. Some tear at our auric fields, while others mend them. As a species, we have created a society in which to survive, we must deny that which we are completely – vulnerable.

In the United States, it is a social norm that we do not cry in public. If we do, it must be under the following circumstances (we won’t get into gender roles in this article, but we will talk about them soon):

1. We are an infant or young child who needs to either sleep, be fed, or happens to be bleeding;
2. We must be in severe physical pain, which requires a visit to the ER or a hospital stay;
3. In moments of extreme duress, such as the sudden loss of a close loved one, but rarely is it acceptable to have a bout of sobbing over people outside of the immediate family;

Or the most common of all:

4. The silent cry when we are overwhelmed, happy, touched, sad, or a plethora of other feelings.

However, throughout most of our days, we teach ourselves how to deny our hurts, and yet we are surprised that our pleasures are thwarted. We are creatures of balance. When we deny one piece of ourselves, we deny an equal, yet opposite aspect. But things in our world are changing.

In the past few years, there’s been a growing campaign to be politically correct in every vein imaginable. From race to sexual orientation to which Quidditch team you root for, there are terms more socially acceptable and kinder to use than others. This campaign for tolerance, sensitivity, and empathy has even stretched into larger issues that were once deemed rites of passage, such as bullying and hazing. Things that were once accepted as part of life are now being challenged. The interesting part is why.

Recent science suggests that ancestral memory can be transferred via DNA. Because we are resonant beings that interact with our reality by way of da6f68f3f434c96d06f246847d88c08efrequency, every memory is charged with a specific frequency range that is then felt emotionally. For multitudes of generations, our ancestors suffered at the hands of one another, and part of this change is the depths of repressed emotion rising to the surface to be purged. The younger generations aren’t weaker than the ones that came before them, rather they are carrying the weight of transmutation and creating change for a more positive, more evolved humanity on Earth.  The other part of this equation is recognizing what we are.

As humans, we are covered in nerve endings. It is in our very biology to be sensitive. Our physiology helps us decode the energies around us from our environment, our peers, and even ourselves. This is one of the reasons we feel so vulnerable to a new lover; when we expose our skin completely, we are taking in about 100-300% more information (aka: energy) than we do any other time during our day, depending on the season (turtlenecks in winter versus miniskirts in summer). When we try to deny our emotions, we don’t allow them to process properly.

Our bodies being the energetic conductors they are, when we cannot properly process the energy surging through us, we inadvertently short circuit the system. Think of it as emotional adware. When your computer is infected with adware, it slowly starts bogging down your computer until your computer stops working altogether. Then comes a visit to Geek Squad and potentially a bill you didn’t plan on paying that month. This is exactly what happens to your mind and body when you don’t properly process your emotions. The unprocessed emotions nestle in your cells undetected. They slowly start to amass more and more space until you are forced to deal with them, which is difficult because it is painful.

c4bff3c82b0f05751c5311eb3205cf8fNegative emotions are sharp energies with jagged edges. Have you ever heard of the saying, “He/she cut me with his/her words”? This is an actual reference to the severing of your energetic field by the negative energy you are processing. However, when these energies aren’t properly dealt with, the energies go inward, cutting your energy much deeper than the initial event. Every time these feelings or memories surface (and create a negative response within you), you are being cut all over again. This is why it is so difficult to deal with our past hurts. We have to pull glass shard-like energies out of our field and then heal. It is painful, but necessary.

Crying when you need to is not a sign of weakness, but rather a sign of a healthy human being. As you cry, you release neurotoxins, which means you’re cleaning yourself from the inside out. Think of tears as golden honey running into the cuts of your field, melding the cracks, and healing your hurt. You are a beautiful, sensitive being that is here to experience, express, and evolve. Remember not to cut yourself off from it.

So much love and Big Nonlocal Quantum Hugs!
PollyAnna

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Why Do I Love?

bd36dc358eab413d2c250ffa5107775cI was looking in a mirror tonight and I asked myself a question.  “Why do I love?”

It was such a simple question, but it opened a floodgate response I couldn’t ignore.

I hope this resonates with you as much as it did with me.  My subconscious mind and larger aspect had much to teach me this evening.

 

Why do I love?

I love because when I am not loving, I feel like something has gone awry in the universe.  Some great injustice has been committed against my sacrosanct nature of sharing the most precious gift I bring to this world.

It is not about loving an individual or focusing on one bond in particular.  Nor is it about receiving love in return.  It is about honoring the my essence; the very core from which I was created.

I am love. 555929_10200152765994446_135035224_n

I cannot help but be who I am.

I have tried on various masks over the years.  Tried to assimilate into a world I seldom understand, yet completely adore.  None of them have stuck.

They all fade into the wind as their elastic bands break against the pulsing of my contained energy, itching to be shared with the world.

For me, loving is like breathing and equally important.

The mental, emotional, and spiritual suffocation I feel when I try to conform into a less radiant being is no different than allowing myself to slowly die from malnourishment.

It is an injustice to become only a shell of the potential I possess.  Not only to myself, but to the world I am here to serve.

I am not alone in this energetic purpose.  Yet so many of us try to stifle ourselves from truly loving one another.

We come up with reasons to separate from one another.  We focusing on what we have been told are imperfections, as if you could ever be anything but perfect when standing in your power and wholeness.

We become so consumed with self-consciousness that we lose the true consciousness of the self.

I am here to be me, and I am love.  Pure, unadulterated love.

148147_450251765021296_780241934_nIn this moment, I choose to share and spread that love unabashedly and without apology every day forward.  I will bathe in the magic well springs of emotional alchemy that ensues from honoring and loving the divine within all beings.

I will tell you that you are beautiful.  I will tell you how truly special and unique you are.  I will tell you what I see in you and that you needn’t be afraid of the amazingness you have within you.

I will tell you the truth.

The truth of who you are.  The truth of who you were born to be.

Why?

It is my purpose.  I am your mirror and you are mine.  Everything I see in you is my own reflection, and I am yours.  I accept you fully as you are.

Why?

I see you, and I cannot help but love you.

Forgiveness: What In The World Does That Mean?

© Trexec

Forgiveness is perhaps one the most abstract, profound, and confusing concepts in the human experience.  There are conflicting ideas about forgiveness that bombard us throughout our lifetimes.  One tenant that is probably the one I have heard most is, “you need to forgive in order to be free and move on.”  Other people told me to use my experiences and the latent anger, hurt, or resentment as a motivator to accomplish my goals and supersede the lowly existence those whom trespassed against me believed I constituted.  These conflicting messages puzzled me and I simply decided, “Who needs forgiveness!  Not me!”

Forgiveness Shall Set You Free

“You mean you want me to forgive all those people, who did all those horrible things to me, and just say it’s ok?!”  This was my reaction as a teenager and through my early twenties.  As a child, forgiveness was like breathing.  I forgave everyone for everything, no matter how great or how small.  Or at least I thought I did.

What confused me about this mantra, as well as many other people I have talked to, is it perpetuated a cycle of codependent and/or abusive relationships; these relationships could be romantic, familial, friendships, etc.  It causes people to go beyond forgiveness and go directly into acceptance without regard for their own health and well-being.  When you forgive and accept the behaviors or acts of others that cause you harm, even when you are aware those are unacceptable ways to be treated, you become an enabler, giving others permission, through tolerance, to treat you poorly.  I do not mean this as a way of blaming the victim.  Someone who decides to treat you poorly does not lose fault over their actions in any way, shape, or form; I simply want you to be able to see how the cycle perpetuates because it is not always the most obvious.

© Nhale

The worst part about this damaging loop is it erodes any sense of worth, self-esteem, and causes you to lose touch with the most authentic, brilliant part of yourself.  Traumatic events, no matter how intense or how fleeting, take a serious toll on our physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual health on their own; by going through the cycle of saying, “everything is ok,” you inadvertently prolong the healing and growth that needs to take place.

Use It

“I will show them!”  I think this might be the anthem for anyone who has ever been wronged at any point in their life, and definitely

during their teenage years.  I know I felt that way.  I used to say I had “watch-me-itis;” whenever someone would belittle, berate, or otherwise stand in my way of my personal awesomeness, my response was, “Watch me!”  This method works for a period of time, but eventually breaks down.

Using your anger, pain, and other negative feelings to fuel your actions and behaviors only taints the results and clouds your judgment.  Instead of maintaining control of your inner peace, which is key to listening to your intuition, you allow venomous feelings to motivate your conduct.  This is detrimental to maintaining healthy success, healthy lifestyles, and your sense of inner strength.  It’s similar to baking; you can always tell the difference between someone who bakes with love and someone who doesn’t, even if the recipes are identical.

In the moment when you are achieving things, because this does happen for a while, you will feel like, “Boy, I sure showed them!”  Yet, you miss the most crucial part of the message; you have given up your personal power to those who have hurt you in some way.  You’re no longer doing things because they nourish you and help you evolve; you are doing them because it proves to someone outside of yourself that you are worthy and they were wrong.  This undermines your sense of importance and there is nothing more important than knowing you are worthy, you are beautiful, and you are everything that you need.

Forgiveness IS…

© yellowj

“So that’s it!!!!”  That was my reaction the first time I experienced what forgiveness truly was; I probably would have cried if I wasn’t already laughing so hard.  I was lying in bed and I was thinking about someone I hadn’t spoken to in years.  Earlier that day I had a conversation with that person and it was the most amazing thing ever; I actually used to hate this person with a burning, fiery passion.  It’s not very nice to say you hate people, but I truly despised this individual with all of my might.  Fast-forward through a severe spiritual reawakening and growing into a blossoming adult and we come to my realization of forgiveness.

I had a completely honest, congenial conversation with this person, wishing them truly nothing but health, love, and happiness (which is the last thing I ever conceived I’d wish upon this individual), and I did all of this without giving away my personal power, without accepting the behaviors, and with the realization the relationship had served its purpose and now it was time to move on.

Forgiveness isn’t always an official exchange of, “I’m sorry,” followed by, “That’s ok.”  It’s something much deeper that comes from your spirit; it is a testament of truly standing in your power saying, “I am worthy, I am a giver and receiver of positive energies, I will not be ruled by that which does not serve me, and I will not be entrenched by the past.”  By being able to let go of relationships that no longer serve you, wishing the best for those who have caused you pain, and relinquishing the emotional chains which bound you to the other person, you will experience true forgiveness and true freedom.  It doesn’t always come over night, but when it does, it is sweeter than the first fresh breeze of spring after a long cold winter.

Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT): Tapping Into Empowerment

Every individual is unique and the variations in their lives and life choices are physical manifestations of the distinctive energy, essence, and disposition they possess.  When an individual is searching for mental and emotional healing modalities, there is a need for therapy that is personal, effective, cost efficient, and uplifting so the person can move forward with their life in a positive way; emotional freedom techniques (EFT) surpass those expectations.

What Is EFT?

EFT is rooted in energy psychology, applying Ancient Chinese medicine theology, which focuses on the body’s energy grid.  The energy grid utilizes pathways and nodal points through which your chi, or life force, flows.  This theory states a traumatic event, negative psychological conditioning, or other experiences can cause a disruption in your energy flow through a blockage or imbalance, prohibiting the proper flow of chi; when your chi is imbalanced or blocked, mental and emotional illnesses, disorders, and issues will arise.

Gary Craig, the founder of the EFT technique, discovered by employing these medicinal philosophies, you would be able to tap specific acupressure points, the meridian or nodal points on the body’s energy grid, releasing the blockage and bringing your body’s energy flow back into a state of homeostasis.

However, EFT doesn’t just make use of acupressure point stimulation; this technique incorporates other psychotherapies already being used in conventional cognitive behavioral therapies, such as relaxation and memory recall, causing a long term cognitive restructuring within the brain.

When your brain reconstructs its cognitive processes, you no longer process thoughts or emotions the way you did before, meaning you can nullify the negative feelings or reactions you currently have, or have had for years, resulting in a neutral reaction to the same memory or situation when successfully employing EFT.

What The Research Says

EFT has proven to be a useful technique for a wide variety of disorders or illnesses; in various studies, EFT has successfully treated anxiety disorders, depression, hostility, aggression, posttraumatic stress disorder, addictions, phobias, eating disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, panic, attention deficit disorder, hypertension, social anxiety, career issues, and somatoform disorders.  EFT also has improved colds, headaches, joint pains, arthritis, chronic fatigue syndrome, rashes, lower cortisol levels, irritable bowel syndrome, and fibromyalgia.  Let’s take a look at some of these studies and experiments a little closer.

In a case study cited by Feinstein (2010), a 52 year old woman with stage IV breast cancer decided against conventional medicine interventions and instead used EFT on numerous personal issues that surfaced after she was diagnosed.  The patient received six clinical EFT tapping sessions, lasting 60 to 90 minutes in length, then continued to use the methods daily until a follow up examination eight months after the diagnosis; the appointment revealed no trace of cancer, but some scar tissue where the cancer had been (Feinstein et al., 2010).

Stapleton, Sheldon, Porter, and Whitty (2011) conducted a randomized clinical trial on the effects EFT exerted over food cravings, the perceived power of food, psychological symptoms, and will power of 96 overweight and obese adults.  When the researchers initially retested the participants, immediately after receiving their EFT treatment, the participants had significant reductions in food cravings, food wielded less power over the participants, and will power was improved.  The improvements in cravings and the power of food were maintained at the six month follow-up.

Another randomized controlled study performed by Church, Brooks, and DeAsis (2012) with 30 first-year psychology students scoring in the moderate to severely depressed ranges on the Beck Depression Inventory.  The participants in the experimental group received four EFT sessions of 90 minutes; the treatment proved to be both clinically and statistically significant, as the average post treatment depression score of the EFT condition group resulted in not depressed.

In a controlled pilot study by Benor, Ledger, Toussaint, and Hett (2009) with Canadian college students with severe to moderate test anxiety, EFT accomplished benefits equal to that of five cognitive behavioral therapy sessions.

Click here for images of brain scans from an experiment by Andrade and Feinstein (2004) using EFT treatments for participants with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); these scans show the average brain scan procession over a course of four weeks with twelve sessions of EFT.  The first scan is what an ideal brain scan looks like and the second scan is the average scan of the participants with (GAD) before they began EFT sessions; the brain scans progress toward their natural or ideal homeostasis state through EFT, reducing dysfunctional brain wave frequencies.

This study contrasted EFT with cognitive behavioral therapy, combined with medication when necessary, as a control mechanism.  The EFT participants were more likely to maintain their new functional brain wave patterns compared to the cognitive behavioral group.  Moreover, Andrade and Feinstein (2004) noted people treated with antianxiety medications did reduce their anxiety symptoms, but their brain scans maintained brain wave frequency dysfunction, implying the medication acts as a cosmetic layer without actually addressing the real issue(s).

How It Works

The research shows you the beginnings of the wide applications for EFT, but I want to explain to you why and how it works because there are several stratums to consider.  The first level we will consider is the electroconductivity of the human body, then epigenetics, and finally the cognitive restructuring process.

Your body is a beautiful and amazing transmitter and receiver of energy as represented by its electromagnetic field.  The human body produces electromagnetic fields with cells and tissues that can be measured on the skin, while all of our organs produce biomagnetic energy.

Within these energy fields, diseases and disturbances can often be measured before their physical symptoms can be detected.   EFT literally taps into these specific energy fields to redirect their flow in a proper, balanced manner, alleviating electromagnetic and biomagnetic fields of disturbances and blocks.

Epigenetics is a subfield of genetic research, exposing an inherent variability within genetic expression previously thought impossible.  Your DNA does not actually come with a concrete, inflexible blueprint dictating your every thought, action, and countenance; conversely, it is a vast set of probabilities, combining information from your default genetic expression, your thoughts, your beliefs, your behaviors, and your environmental and biochemical influences.

All of these inputs interact on the cellular level, communicating with the entirety of your body about the information received, responding by activating or deactivating the potentials within your unique genetic expression.  This is why over time identical twins, people born with duplicate DNA, begin to look different; each individual has their own experiences, psychology, and environmental exposures offering an alternative expression of active and inactive genetic potentials.

As epigenetics proves genetic and cellular expression is affected by conscious thought and behavioral inputs, EFT offers somatic and cognitive inputs that activate positive, balanced potentials, while deactivating genetic potentials expressing imbalance and harm.

Researchers and practitioners assert the physical activity with the activation of mental processes alters the targeted response because the stimulation of acupressure points transmits signals to the amygdala and related brain structures, reducing hyperarousal to the given stimulus or memory; the brain then reconsolidates the memory, cognition, feeling, or mental picture, while the newly reduced or absent hyperarousal is retained as the new reaction to the initial stimuli (Feinstein, 2008).

Ruden (2010) asserts EFT techniques focusing on stress-producing cues, such as fear or traumatic memories, depotentiate the neural pathways maintaining maladaptive conditioned responses; this means the EFT techniques recode the conditioned responses that produce ill effects with desired behaviors or feelings.  This creates a cognitive restructuring of the brain, so old paradigms no longer regulate your responses.

The Process

There is a basic EFT procedure, consisting of tapping on each of eight energy meridian points while using an affirmation statement that coincides with a memory or a feeling.  The procession of tapping can vary depending on the therapist or practitioner you are working with, as can the affirmation statements.

Some practitioners use the industry standard, “Even though I have (or feel) this fear of rejection, I deeply and profoundly accept myself,” while other practitioners prefer a stream of consciousness dialogue.  With the latter method, you would tap as you say whatever comes to mind that you would like to work with, using a shorter phrase to repeat as you continue to tap on the proceeding points to reinforce the issue you are working on.

Even though the sequence of point tapping may vary, I am going to share with you what has worked for me, which also seems to be the most common.  As you repeat your chosen phrase or issue, you tap on your karate chop point, or the side of your hand, followed by the inside of your eyebrows, then the side of your eyes, the bone under your eyes, under the nose, between your lower lip and chin, then your collarbone point, under the arm, and then the top of the head.  This would conclude one repetition.

You want to be sure not to tap too hard.  You want to stimulate the meridians, but you do not want to cause bruising or pain.  Look at the following chart for a visual representation of the proper tapping points.

Where Can I Learn It?

There are several ways to learn or administer EFT, such as with the help of a therapist or a certified EFT practitioner in both group and individual settings.  If you are able, I suggest learning in a setting where you can have a certified EFT practitioner make sure you are accurately tapping your energy meridians.  Because this method is so quick and easy to learn, you do not have to pour money into endless sessions with an EFT therapist.  This is something you can do on your own, wherever and whenever you would like, empowering you in your health and healing.

There are also instructional DVDs you can use at home such as The Tapping Solution and Project Tapping: Tapping Into Abundance With Dr. Carol Look.  These are great alternatives for those of you who live in areas where you do not have access to a certified EFT practitioner.

If you decide to learn or try EFT, I suggest staying well hydrated to increase your biological electroconductivity and to do one session right before you go to bed.  When you learn something new, or alter a pattern of thinking, and immediately go to sleep, you have several hours to integrate the new template in your brain without interruptions, resulting in a more effective and solidified change.

 Spiritual & Personal Implications

By successfully implementing EFT into your daily routine, you empower yourself to take control over your emotions, thoughts, and how you choose to experience your life.  Imagine eradicating irrational fears as they enter your consciousness or overcoming a traumatic event that has stifled some part of your life.

You no longer have to live captive to thought processes that do not serve your highest good or take medications that only serve as a temporary band aid while poisoning your system.  You would not have to try to suppress negative emotions or thoughts because as they enter your awareness, you can safely and painlessly extinguish them.

By bringing balance and inner peace to your life, you offer more balance and peace to the world.  Every energy field is interconnected, ebbing and flowing together to create an even larger field of energy.  By correcting your energy flow, you aid in balancing the whole.  You have the ability to heal yourself in many ways; EFT is quick, easy, cost effective, and encourages your unique zenith expression.

References

Andrade, J., & Feinstein, D. (2004). The neurological foundations of energy psychology: Brain scan changes during 4 weeks of treatment for generalized anxiety disorder. Ashland, Oregon: Innersource. Retrieved from http://www.eftuniverse.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2470

Benor, D. J., Ledger, K., Toussaint, L., & Hett, G. (2009). Pilot study of emotional freedom techniques, wholistic hybrid derived from eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and emotional freedom technique, and cognitive behavioral therapy treatment of test anxiety in university students.Journal of Science and Healing5(6), 338-340. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2009.08.001

Church, D. (2010). Your dna is not your destiny: Behavioral epigenetics and the role of emotions in health. Anti Aging Medical Therapeutics13, 35-42.

Church, D., & Brooks, A. (2008, October). The effect of eft (emotional freedom techniques) on psychological symptoms in addiction treatment. Paper presented at Tenth annual energy psychology conference.
Church, D., & Brooks, A. J. (2010). Application of emotional freedom techniques. Integrative Medicine: A Clinician’s Journal9(4), 36-38.

Church, D., & Brooks, A. (2010). The effect of a brief emotional freedom techniques self-intervention on anxiety, depression, pain, and cravings in health care workers. Integrative Medicine: A Clinician’s Journal9(5), 40-43.

Church, D. (2010). The treatment of combat trauma in veterans using EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques): A pilot protocol. Traumatology, 16(1), 55 – 65.

Church, D., Brooks, A. J., & DeAsis, M. A. (2012). Clinical study brief group intervention using emotional freedom techniques for depression in college students: A randomized controlled trial.Depression Research and Treatment2012, 1-7.

Cole, S. W., Hawkley, L. C., Arevalo, J. M., Sung, C. Y., Rose, R. M., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2007). Social regulation of gene expression in human leukocytes. Genome Biology, 8, R189.

Emotional freedom techniques. In (2012). Natural Standard:The Authority on Integrative Medicine. Retrieved from http://naturalstandard.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/databases/hw/generic-emotionalfreedom.asp

Feinstein, D. (2008). Energy Psychology: A Review of the Preliminary Evidence.  Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. 45(2), 199-213.

Feinstein, D., & Church, D.  (2010). Modulating Gene Expression through Psychotherapy:  The Contribution of Non-Invasive Somatic Interventions. Review of General Psychology,14(4),  283 – 195.

Greeson, J. (2009). Mindfulness research update. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine 14(1), 10-18.

Kandel, E. (1998). A new intellectual framework for psychiatry. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 457-469.

Karatzias, T., Power, K., & Brown, K. (2011). A controlled comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of two psychological therapies for post traumatic stress disorder eye movement desensitization and reprocessing vs. emotional freedom techniques. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease199(6), 372-378. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31821cd262

Oschman, J. (2012, May 22). Science measures the human energy field. Retrieved from http://www.reiki.org/reikinews/sciencemeasures.htm

Poulter, M. O., Du, L., Weaver, I., Palkovits, M., Faludi, G., Merali, Z., Anisman, H. (2008). GABA receptor promoter hypermethylation in  suicide brain: Implications for the involvement of epigenetic processes. Biological Psychiatry, 64, 645-652.

Reefe, J. (2012). Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) and Its Health Benefits. Positive Health, (192), 1.

Ruden, R. A. (2010). When the past is always present: Emotional traumatization, causes, and cures. New York: Routledge.

Sakai, C.S., Connolly, S. M., & Oas, P. (2010). Treatment of PTSD in Rwandan genocide survivors using Thought Field Therapy.  International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 12(1), 41-50.

Salas, M. M., Brooks, A. J., & Rowe, J. E. (2011). The immediate effect of a brief energy psychology intervention (emotional freedom techniques) on specific phobias: A pilot study. Journal of Science and Healing7(3), 155-161. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2011.02.005

Sheldon, K. M., & King, L. (2001). Positive psychology: Why positive psychology is necessary. Retrieved from http://www.psicosport.it/news/Articoli – Sheldon – Why Positive Psychology is necessary.pdf

Stapleton, P., Sheldon, T., Porter, B., & Whitty, J. (2011). A randomized clinical trial of a meridian-based intervention for food cravings with six-month follow-up. Behavior Change28(1), 1-15.

Straub, R.O.(2006).Health Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach(2nd Ed.).Worth Publishers

Wells, S., Polglase, K., & Andrews, H. B. (2003). Evaluation of a meridian-based intervention, emotional freedom techniques (eft), for reducing specific phobias of small animals. Journal of Clinical Psychology59(0), 943-966. doi: 10.1002/jclp.10189

Picture Credits in Order of Appearance

  1. © Artaniss8
  2. © Grafphotogpaher
  3. © Darknightsky
  4. Clip Art
  5. © Nahhan
  6. Clip Art
  7. © Davinci
  8. Church & Brooks, 2010
  9. © Dee*

 **Disclaimer: Before engaging in any health program, it is best to contact a doctor or health provider you trust to make the best decision for your individual needs.**